Kanchanaburi guesthouses

admin | Rubric: cheap guesthouses edinburgh | 18.04.2015
Kanchanaburi guesthouses Based on the two translations, a preliminary version of the instrument was developed and administered kanchanaburi guesthouses to 15 relatives of OCD patients.
Subjects were kanchanaburi guesthouses selected to represent different socioeconomic levels and cultural kanchanaburi backgrounds guesthouses. The aim of this pilot questionnaire administration was to assess the quality of the translation kanchanaburi guesthouses and to collect suggestions for language adjustments aimed at kanchanaburi guesthouses improving instrument clarity and ensuring that the items would be easily understood by groups from different cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds.
The pilot questionnaire was administered at Hospital de Clnicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Whenever the subject had difficulties understanding a question or a particular word, the interviewer reworded it until the respondent understood the meaning the interviewer wished to convey. The kanchanaburi guesthouses kanchanaburi guesthouses most frequent suggestions made by the interviewees were either added to the questionnaire in parentheses or kanchanaburi guesthouses used to rephrase the questions, to ensure their understanding in a definitive version. Once the scale was considered to be appropriately translated into Portuguese, its kanchanaburi back-translation guesthouses into English was conducted independently by two other bilingual health professionals who had not seen the instrument in its original form.
After comparing kanchanaburi the guesthouses two back-translations, a new English version of the scale was generated.
The final translated version of kanchanaburi guesthouses the FAS-IR is presented in Appendix 1. Figure whitby guesthouses 1 presents a flowchart of the process of translation, adaptation and back-translation.
Of the 15 relatives involved in the pilot questionnaire application, 93% were female and 53% were mothers of the patients; mean age was 55 16.4 kanchanaburi guesthouses years.
The participants had different education levels, ranging from huddersfield guesthouses 33% who had completed basic education to buxton guesthouses 7% kanchanaburi guesthouses with university degrees.
As previously mentioned, some family members had questions about the wording of some questions; these subjects requested an explanation from the interviewer and made guesthouses wrexham suggestions to improve the clarity and understanding of the instrument.
The change made to the scale are listed in Table 1.
Discussion guesthouses and conclusion Throughout the process of adaptation of kanchanaburi guesthouses the FAS-IR into Brazilian Portuguese, we sought to achieve semantic equivalence between the original and the translated versions.
This process involved using language with kanchanaburi guesthouses a focus on maintaining the meaning of the concepts contained in the original instrument so that it would have a similar effect on the respondents in both cultures.
9 As a result, the guesthouses interaction between subjects and interviewers was especially important, in the sense of enduring that the original meaning of the question would be conveyed. The process of adapting an instrument is thus a combination kanchanaburi guesthouses of literal word translation and careful guesthouses in waterkloof fine-tuning that addresses the cultural context and lifestyle of the kanchanaburi guesthouses kanchanaburi target guesthouses population.
9 Moreover, approval of the back-translated kanchanaburi guesthouses kanchanaburi guesthouses version by the original authors ensured that the original meanings were not lost. As a result, we strongly believe that the Brazilian version of FAS-IR can provide a baseline measure of accommodation and serve as a sensitive measure of changes obtained with cognitive-behavioral treatment approaches.
In sum, the availability of the FAS-IR in Brazilian Portuguese will allow Brazilian investigators to evaluate the participation of family members in rituals and changes in routine, as well kanchanaburi guesthouses as the influence of such participation on the kanchanaburi guesthouses maintenance of symptoms.
Moreover, it can be used kanchanaburi guesthouses to assess whether guesthouses bath family accommodation is a predictor of the treatment outcome.
Finally, the translation of the FAS-IR will also enable comparisons between national and international studies on family accommodation.
Future studies are kanchanaburi guesthouses needed to assess the reliability and validity of the Brazilian version of the scale. Moreover, it kanchanaburi guesthouses would be interesting to add a family-based intervention, aimed at reducing family accommodation, to standard OCD treatments and examine whether this improves treatment outcomes.
Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to health professionals Anna Williams, Patricia Pranke, Ygor Ferro, and Rui Ramos kanchanaburi guesthouses guesthouses kanchanaburi Neto, and to all the patients and their kanchanaburi guesthouses kanchanaburi guesthouses guesthouses in upington relatives for their cooperation.
Also our thanks to Esperana Moniz, at the University of Southern California, kanchanaburi for her assistance with the back translation guesthouses from blackpool Portuguese into English.
Manual diagnstico e estatstico de transtornos mentais (DSM-IV-TR).
Aspectos genticos do transtorno kanchanaburi guesthouses obsessivo-compulsivo.
A review and meta-analysis of genetic epidemiology of anxiety disorders.
Calvocoressi L, Lewis B, Harris M, Trufan BS, Goodman WK, McDougle CJ, et al. Family accommodation in obsessive compulsive disorder. Calvocoressi L, Mazure CM, Kasl SV, Skolnick J, Fisk D, Vesgo SJ, et al.
Reliability and validity of kanchanaburi guesthouses the family accommodation scale for obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Expressed emotion in families and the treatment of obsessive kanchanaburi guesthouses compulsive disorder.
Testing a conceptual model of patient and family predictors of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms.
Ferro YA, Shavitt RG, Bedin NR, de kanchanaburi guesthouses Mathis ME, Lopes AC, Fontenelle LF, et al. Clinical features associated to refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder. Operacionalizao de kanchanaburi adaptao guesthouses transcultural de instrumentos de aferio usados em epidemiologia.
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