Guesthouses bangkok Subjects were selected to represent different socioeconomic levels and cultural backgrounds. The aim of this pilot questionnaire administration was to assess the quality of the translation and to collect suggestions for language adjustments aimed at improving instrument clarity and ensuring that the items would be easily understood by groups from different cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds. The pilot questionnaire was administered at Hospital de Clnicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Whenever the subject had difficulties understanding a question or a particular word, the interviewer reworded it until the respondent understood the meaning the interviewer wished to convey.
The most frequent suggestions made by the guesthouses bangkok interviewees were either added to the questionnaire in parentheses or used to rephrase the questions, to ensure their understanding in a definitive version.
Once the scale was considered to be appropriately translated into guesthouses bangkok Portuguese, its back-translation into English was conducted independently by two other bilingual health professionals who had not guesthouses bangkok seen the instrument in its original form. After comparing the two back-translations, a new guesthouses exeter English version of the scale was guesthouses johannesburg generated.
The final translated version of the FAS-IR is presented in Appendix 1.
Figure 1 presents a flowchart of the process of translation, adaptation and back-translation. Of the guesthouses bangkok 15 relatives involved in the pilot questionnaire application, 93% were female and 53% were mothers of the patients; mean age was 55 16.4 years. The guesthouses bangkok participants had different education levels, ranging from 33% who had completed basic education to 7% with university degrees. As previously mentioned, some family members had questions about the wording of some questions; guesthouses bangkok these subjects requested an explanation from the interviewer guesthouses bangkok and made suggestions to japanese guesthouses improve the clarity and understanding of the instrument.
The change made to the scale are guesthouses in durban listed in Table 1.
Discussion and conclusion Throughout the guesthouses bangkok process of adaptation of the FAS-IR into Brazilian Portuguese, we sought to achieve semantic equivalence between rosslare guesthouses the original and the translated versions. This process involved using language with a focus on guesthouses bangkok guesthouses bangkok maintaining the meaning of the concepts contained in the original instrument so that it would have a guesthouses bangkok guesthouses bangkok similar effect on the respondents in both cultures.
9 guesthouses bangkok As a result, the interaction between subjects and interviewers was especially important, in the sense of enduring that the original meaning of the question would be conveyed. The process of adapting an instrument is thus a combination of literal word translation and careful fine-tuning that addresses the cultural context and lifestyle of the target guesthouses in chester population.
9 Moreover, approval of the back-translated version by the original authors ensured that the original meanings were not lost.
As a result, we strongly believe that the Brazilian version guesthouses donegal of FAS-IR can provide a baseline measure of accommodation and serve as a sensitive measure of changes obtained with cognitive-behavioral treatment approaches.
In sum, the availability of the guesthouses bangkok FAS-IR in Brazilian Portuguese will allow Brazilian investigators to evaluate the participation of family members in rituals and changes in routine, as well as the influence of such participation on the maintenance of symptoms. Moreover, it can be used to assess whether family accommodation is a predictor of the treatment outcome. Finally, the translation of the FAS-IR will also enable comparisons between national and international studies on family accommodation. Future studies are needed to assess the reliability and validity of the Brazilian version of the scale.
Moreover, it would be interesting to guesthouses bangkok add a family-based intervention, aimed at reducing family accommodation, to standard OCD treatments and examine whether guesthouses bangkok this improves treatment outcomes.
Acknowledgments The authors are guesthouses bangkok guesthouses bangkok grateful to health professionals Anna Williams, Patricia Pranke, Ygor Ferro, and Rui Ramos Neto, alnwick guesthouses and to all the patients and their relatives for their cooperation. Also our thanks to Esperana Moniz, at the University guesthouses bangkok of Southern California, for guesthouses thailand her assistance with the back translation from Portuguese into English. Manual guesthouses bangkok diagnstico e estatstico de transtornos mentais (DSM-IV-TR).
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A review and meta-analysis guesthouses bangkok of genetic epidemiology of anxiety disorders.
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Family accommodation in obsessive compulsive disorder.
Calvocoressi L, Mazure CM, Kasl guesthouses torquay SV, Skolnick J, Fisk D, Vesgo SJ, et al. Reliability and validity of the family guesthouses nsw accommodation scale for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Expressed emotion in families and the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder. Testing guesthouses bangkok a conceptual model of patient and family predictors of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms.
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Clinical features associated to refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder. Operacionalizao de adaptao transcultural de instrumentos de aferio usados em epidemiologia. Iguau, 165, guesthouses bangkok sala 506, Bairro Petrpolis CEP 90470-430, Porto Alegre, RS, BrazilSearch - Apartments Region, riviera or place Apartments in Croatia are a great choice for your summer vacation on the Adriatic.
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